Kamus Bahasa Melayu Perubatan

Kamus Bahasa Melayu Perubatan
Istilah Orang Awam (Laymen’s Term) – Istilah Perubatan

Thread ini merupakan kesinambungan bagi thread lama di laman ILuvIslam yang asal.

Penyumbang Asal :
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Laymen’s Term?

“To put something in layman’s terms is to describe a complex or technical issue using words and terms that the average individual (someone without professional training in the subject area) can understand, so that they may comprehend the issue to some degree.” – UrbanDictionary

Secara ringkasnya, Laymen’s Term merupakan istilah yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan/menerangkan sesuatu yang kompleks atau teknikal, supaya orang awam yang biasa (tanpa latihan/latar belakang pendidikan professional dalam bidang perubatan) dapat memahami isu tersebut pada tahap tertentu.

Untuk siapa thread ini dikhususkan?

1. Kepada Para Doktor – Kesukaran berkomunikasi dengan orang awam adalah antara masalah utama yang dihadapi sebagai seorang doktor. Tanpa kemahiran berkomunikasi yang baik, pasti sukar seorang doktor untuk mengambil sejarah pesakit, mendapatkan komplen pesakit, dan tentulah lebih sukar untuk menerangkan diagnos dan rawatan pula. Justeru itu, kemahiran berkomunikasi dalam istilah orang awam (Laymen’s) merupakan satu kemahiran yang vital, tidak boleh tidak dikuasai.

2. Kepada Pembaca Awam – Sesetengah doktor lebih suka menggunakan istilah-istilah yang jarang didengari, yang tentunya mengundang 1001 kekeliruan dalam diri pesakit terutamanya. Justeru itu, kamus ini memberi pengenalan asas kepada para orang awam, agar dapat memahami apa yang cuba disampaikan oleh doktor sedemikian.

BONUS

Kamus ini juga dilengkapi dengan bahagian khas – “Istilah Yang Disingkatkan”, khusus untuk istilah-istilah perubatan yang biasanya diringkaskan oleh petugas kesihatan (doktor, jururawat dsb) menjadi akronim atas tujuan menjimatkan masa/ruang, terutamanya ketika menulis di laporan kes atau preskripsi ubat.

SENARAI TERKINI
(1 OGOS 2010)

angin ahmar = stroke
balik mata = dizziness
barah = tumor/cancer
batu ginjal = gall stone
batu hempedu = gallstone
batu karang = renal stone
batu karang = renal stone = urolithiasis
batuk berdarah = hemoptysis
batuk kering = TB (tuberculosis)
batuk kokol = whooping cough / pertussis
beguk = bengkak cantik = mumps
bisul = boil=fruncle/carbuncle (depends on saiz, org kata bisul ada mata/xdak mata)
buasir = haemorrhoid
busung = ascites
berpeluh tapak tangan/kaki = hyperhidrosis
cacar = VZV infection
cerah perut = cirit birit = diarrhea
cirit birit = diarrhoea
darah tinggi = hypertension
demam campak = chicken pox
demam kepialu = typhoid fever
demam kuning = jaundice
demam kura2 = demam malaria
ghiso = mobile swelling (cysts, lipoma, etc)
gila meroyan = PND (Post-Natal Depression)
hempedu = gall bladder
jantung berlubang = congenital heart defect (septal defect)
kancing gigi = tetanus
kayap = shingles
kebas = numbness
kejang = cramps
kekoh di hatu = bruises
kekura kaki = dorsal part of foot, metatarsus
kenaling = palpitation or tachycardia
kencing berdarah = hematuria
kencing manis = diabetes
ketuat = warts
kudis = crust
kurap = tinea
kusta = leprosy
kutil = corn
lelah = asthma (dyspnea-kalau symptom)
lemah jantung = heart failure
lenguh badan = lethargic
lenguh badan = malaise, hypotony
nyanyuk = dementia, alzheimer
panau = Pityriasis Versicolor
paru-paru berair = pneumonia
pembuluh darah = blood vessel
penat (kedah) = asthma attack (make sure!)
pengsan = loss of consciousness
penyakit kencing tikus = leptospirosis
pitam = lightheaded, dizziness, vertigo
rabun dekat = hyperopia
rabun jauh = myopia
rabun silau = astigmatism
rabun tua = presbyopia
rawan = cartilage
resdung = sinusitis
sakit dada = angina pectoris
sakit sendi = arthritis
sawan, tarik = epilepsy / seizure
scabies = kudis buta (kutu babi same ke?)<–x sama. kutu babi besar scabies kecik je
sekok = kembung perut = perut masuk angin = flatus, meteorism?
selaput dalam mata (katarak) = cataract
selesema = influenza/flu/common cold
sembelit = constipation
semut-semut =paresthesia
sengbak = leg swelling
senok = memulas = colicky pain
serban = semut-semut = paraesthesia
sumsum tulang = bone marrow
tarik mengkarung =kejang = cramp
terseliuh = sprained (joint), strained (muscle)
tulang penampar nyamuk =tulang belikat = skapula
tulang rusuk = ribs
ulu hati (pain) = heart burn
uluran/angin pasang = inguinal hernia
untut = elephantiasis
urat = can be nerves/vessels

ISTILAH YANG DISINGKATKAN

R/T = ryle’s tube feeding
TPN = Total parenteral nutrition.
EN = enteral nutrition
LOA = Loss of appetite
SOB = short of breathness
GI = gastrointestinal
CVA = cerebrovascular accident = stroke
CXR = chest x-ray
Tab = tablet
PCM = paracetamol
bid = twice per day (bis in die)
tid = three times per day (ter in die)
qid = four times per day (quater in die)
qd = daily (quaque die)
SC = subcutaneously
IV = intravenously
IM = intramuscularly

Untuk perbincangan dan senarai yang sentiasa dikemaskini, boleh rujuk Komuniti@ILuvIslam.Com!

6 thoughts on “Kamus Bahasa Melayu Perubatan

  1. Salam…
    info yg sangat berguna..
    terkadang kita tahu nama penyakit dalam term medik, tapi susah nak terangkan kat orang ramai.. (”,)

  2. problem

    TRO GLOMERRULLNEPHRITIS/UTI

    patient was reffered from kk batu to hospital selayang on 24/12/10 for mikroscopic haematuria

    urien blood 5+,ketone+1,protein+1,nitrate-ve

    for the past 2 days,patient has been having fever,vomiting each time he eats for the past 2

    3-4 times a day,diarrthoea for the past 4 times a day

    case was refferd from kk batu TRO acute glomerulonephritis and urinary tract infection

    blood Ix 24/12/10

    FBC:9.28/125/36.5/485
    Urea:3.0,creat:28
    ESR 3 CRP< 0.40
    INR: 1.2 PT :12.5,aPPT:30.3

    creatine kinase 74 LDH 404 Ast 43

    Ca 2.37,PO4 167 Mg 0.93

    blood C&S NGD2

    UR C&S final no growrh obtained

    Ur feme Ur blood 50,ur protein?leu/nit/ket/bil?are negatives

    Presenting complains

    vomiting for the past 3 days

    loose stools x2 days

    associated with blurring of vision with headache x 1/7

    HOPC

    pantient was refferd from kk batu to hospital selayang on 24/12/10 for microscopic haematuria

    uriene blood 5+,ketone+1,protien+1,nitrate – ve

    for the past 2 days ,pantien has been having fever,vomiting each time he eats time he eats for the past 2 days 3-4 times a day ,diarrhoea for the past 4 times a day denies abdomonal pain

    denies of any running nose,no cough,no sore throat denise any dysuria symtoms did not have any loose of weight,loss of appetite no rashes no joint pain

    no hair losses no history of facial puffiness or limb swelling

    however this morning noted diarrhoea this morning for 3 times

    the child clamimed the stools was bronish in colour,no mucus or blood

    associated with with vomiting for the past 3 times -> only fluids,no blood or bile products no giddiness and hence the child was brought kk batu and then refferd to hospital selayang in clinic in HS,noted BP:116/85r upon further history ,father claimed the child was complaining of blurring of vision and headche on 22/12/10,however, the father clamimed the child was making excuses not to red his books,however the incident reoccured on 23/12/10,the father claimed the was compainlaining of giddiness and blurring of vision@ 1700pm in the lift apartment however this is the firts time incident ,this incident happen 2 moths ago,the chid has fever,vomiting and diarrhoea and was treadted as UTI in kk batu and given 6 bottles of anicbiotic for trement.accoording his father to ,child impproves after the anticbiotic but was then reffered to pediatric KL,for futher management in view the urine feme taken in kk-> noted micscopic hamematuria-5+ was admitted in HKL for 1 weaks,treated with iv drip and US kidney was done it was told to be normal,and the TCA follow up in paeds clinic was cancelld in view normal kidney in the scan.the doctor in charge of this pantien was DR Lim,nephrologist from HKL. according to father,child always wets the bed every night since yound,unsual how many times he urinates in the beds

    received call from kk batu

    noted 09/2008-urine(haematuria)-> just URTI fever,no refferal done july 07/2010-> fever with urine in the blood 5+ treated with with antibiotics 3rd08/2010->fever with haematuria-> refferd to pediatric HKL

    birth history

    FTSVD_BW:3.0kg? uncomplicated

    immunisation Hx comleted for age

    family Hx no family Hx of reral stones

    mother has hypertension

    grandfather has diabeties melltus

    social Hx 2nd siblling out of the 3 children

    1st sibling-9 years ,2nd -5years old bolt children are healthy,mother always brings her children along with her to the shop studies in private chinese kindergarden,able to speak mandarin,has many friends, socialising well with friends,father clamed chil is playful, active father working as pegawal DBKL_errning 1400rm/moth,non smoker

    mother working in a shop selling handphone,non smoker

    o/l upon discharge alert celor looking pink warm peripheries no lymphadenopathy throat no injected hydration good toungue moist no oedema not joundiced no signs of vasculitis pupils 3mm bilaterally reactive

    VS

    T 36.9 HR 121 RR 26 BP 105/60 Sp02 98

    IO intake + 700/800

    UO 1.67 mls/hr

    Bo X1

    cvs;s1s2,no murmur

    P/a soft,not distended,bs present,no hepatomealy,no splenomegaly

    no pitting oedema old impetigo scar noted over the bileteral,lower limbs

    neurological examination gag reflex present

    no nystaggmus no cerebeller signs

    upper and lower limb

    L R

    power -5/5

    tone -no

    normal -normal-

    reflexes -normal-

    babinki dowggoing

    fundoscopy:review by othtal team,no abormalities detected

    plan encourage oraly

    allow disccharge

    ix

    complement 3,c4,ANA,ASOT,Stoll FEME ,stoll culture to be traced

    med

    nil

    other

    allow dicshacharge

    TCA 1/12 in nephro clinic to observe BP and urine protein/blood
    ENT appoiment at 24/01/11 at 9am room,no 5,at ENT clinic HS. erm,harap boleh sesiapa boleh terjamahkan clinical summary ni kt aku.

  3. saya seorang pensyarah dan juga seorang penterjemah, saya dapati maklumat di atas sangat-sangat berguna. terima kasih kerana sudi berkongsi :)

  4. blh terangkan istilah dalam report scan,
    BPD, HC, OFD, AC, TAD, APD, FL, CI, FL/BPD, FL/AC, FL/HC, HC/AC, EFW

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